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Macrauchenia

Marcrauchenia

Macrauchenia2

Restoration of Macrauchenia

Characteristics
Era Cenozoic
Period Late Miocene - Late Pleistocene
Living Period 7 – 0.01 million years ago
Region South America
Size Length: 3 m
First Appearance Chapter 37

Description

Macrauchenia ("long llama") was a long-necked and long-limbed, three-toed South American ungulate mammal, typifying the order Litopterna. The oldest fossils date back to around 7 million years ago, and M. patagonica disappears from the fossil record during the late Pleistocene, around 20,000 years ago. M. patagonica was the best known member of the family Macraucheniidae, and is known only from fossil finds in South America, primarily from the Lujan Formation in Argentina. The original specimen was discovered by Charles Darwin during the voyage of the Beagle. In life, Macrauchenia resembled a humpless camel with a short trunk, though it is not closely related to either camels or proboscideans. Macrauchenia had a somewhat camel-like body, with sturdy legs, a long neck and a relatively small head. Its feet, however, more closely resembled those of a modern rhinoceros, and had three hoofs each. It was a relatively large animal, with a body length of around 3 metres.


Shirou's History Fact

About the size of a modern day camel and its body also looks like a camel. It had feet like a rhinoceros and a nose like a tapir. It had nothing to fend off attackers with and grazed on grass plains. It could also reach up and eat the leaves at the top of trees.

Chronology

School arc

Prominent Animals
ChimeraChimera IIErnestMr. Lucky
Extinct Animals
AmmonoideaAncient TicksAnomalochelysArctodus SimusArgentavisAlectroenas NitidissimaAmbulocetusAndrewsarchus Mongoliensis ArsinoitheriumBasilosaurusBos PrimigeniusCanis DirusChalicotheriumCheirolepisCrassigyrinusCyclotosaurusDiatrymaEntelodonEumegamysEusmilusEusthenopteronGerrothoraxGigantopithecusGlyptodonHarpagornis MooreiHoloptychiusHyaenodonHypsognathusHyracotheriumIchthyornisIctitheriumIschyromysKannemeyeriaLystrosaurusMacraucheniaMammuthus ImperatorMegaladapis EdwardsiMeganeura MonyiMegatherium AmericanumMeiolaniaMesohippusMoeritheriumNecrolemurNemegtbaatar GobiensisNotharctus ParaceratheriumPristichampusPropleopusPtilodus RodhocetusSmilodonTitanis WalleriTriadobatrachusUnknown Extinct Animals

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