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Lystrosaurus

Lystrosaurus

Lystrosaurus2

Restoration of Lystrosaurus

Characteristics
Era Paleozoic - Mesozoic
Period Late Permian – Early Triassic
Living Period 250 – 248 million years ago
Region Antarctica, India, and South Africa
Size Length: 0,9 m; Weight: 90 kg
First Appearance Chapter 28

Description

Lystrosaurus ("shovel lizard") was a genus of Late Permian and Early Triassic Period dicynodont therapsids, which lived around 250 million years ago in what is now Antarctica, India, and South Africa. Four to six species are currently recognized, although from the 1930s to 1970s the number of species was thought to be much higher. Lystrosaurus was a pig-sized dicynodont therapsid, typically about 0.9 m long and weighing about 90 kg. Unlike other therapsids, dicynodonts had very short snouts and no teeth except for the tusk-like upper canines. Dicynodonts are generally thought to have had horny beaks like those of turtles, for shearing off pieces of vegetation which were then ground on a horny secondary palate when the mouth was closed. The jaw joint was weak and moved backwards and forwards with a shearing action, instead of the more common sideways or up and down movements. It is thought that the jaw muscles were attached unusually far forward on the skull and took up a lot of space on the top and back of the skull. As a result the eyes were set high and well forward on the skull, and the face was short.

Shirou's History Fact

Lystrosaurus inhabited the earth during the Triassic period.

Chronology

Brain Loss arc

Prominent Animals
ChimeraChimera IIErnestMr. Lucky
Extinct Animals
AmmonoideaAncient TicksAnomalochelysArctodus SimusArgentavisAlectroenas NitidissimaAmbulocetusAndrewsarchus Mongoliensis ArsinoitheriumBasilosaurusBos PrimigeniusCanis DirusChalicotheriumCheirolepisCrassigyrinusCyclotosaurusDiatrymaEntelodonEumegamysEusmilusEusthenopteronGerrothoraxGigantopithecusGlyptodonHarpagornis MooreiHoloptychiusHyaenodonHypsognathusHyracotheriumIchthyornisIctitheriumIschyromysKannemeyeriaLystrosaurusMacraucheniaMammuthus ImperatorMegaladapis EdwardsiMeganeura MonyiMegatherium AmericanumMeiolaniaMesohippusMoeritheriumNecrolemurNemegtbaatar GobiensisNotharctus ParaceratheriumPristichampusPropleopusPtilodus RodhocetusSmilodonTitanis WalleriTriadobatrachusUnknown Extinct Animals

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